List of physics methodologies of scientific inspection used on institue.



The main research activity deals with promising new solid-state laser systems developed in cooperation with INFM-NEST of Pisa for the growth of the active medium. In a recent MIUR project, we developed Ce3+ lasers that emit tunable radiation in the near ultraviolet (290-315 nm).




The Institute develops innovative diagnostics for studying the cultural heritage for conservation and archaeometry purposes. One example involves reflectance sensors based on optical fibres, which are actually capable of determining which pigment has been employed in each point of a painting.




After more than 30 years of promising international research on laser cleaning of artworks that proved to be unsuccessful in solving the problems of the yellowing of stones and colour changes in pigments, the research carried out by IFAC has led to a full acceptance and integration of laser techniques as being among the most innovative conservation methodologies for stone, gilded metals, and wall paintings.



Electromagnetism - Microwaves


Ongoing research lines are studying systems that employ microwaves for remote sensing and dielectrometry, for monitoring of the environment and of the cultural heritage. Physical methods are also developed for the control of the electromagnetic pollution, for electromagnetic compatibility and for the evaluation of the human exposure to EM fields.


Remote sensing: Atmosphere


With the aim of characterising the physical and chemical properties of the atmosphere, we develop new observational methods, new active and passive instruments, field measurements, models and algorithms for the extraction of geophysical parameters from the acquired data.


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