The “Nello Carrara” Institute of Applied Physics (IFAC) is part of the National Research Council (CNR), which is the main public organisation pursuing research and innovation in Italy.IFAC’s main aim is to carry out frontier research at an international level and, at the same time, to develop new technologies and methodologies that could be effectively transferred to the economic system. The approaches involved are theoretical, experimental and applied research, with a firm determination to developnew techniques and to build prototypes of instruments. The illustrative outline shows the main research lines around the inner core of physical methods of scientificinvestigations. These pertain to the general fields of optoelectronics, spectroscopy, andICT. The main lines of research are Lasers, Bio-photonics, Micro-optics, Sensors, Remote Sensing, Microwaves, and ICT. These physical methods are then employed to investigate novel applications in several branches of interdisciplinary sciences, such as photonic devices for telecommunications, space, balloon and airborne instrumentation for observations of the Earth, digital solutions for information access, bio-photonics for therapy and surgery, laser processing for industrial production, optical sensors for environmental control, laser techniques and diagnostic methods for archaeometry and the conservation of the cultural heritage.
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